Herefordshire Amphibian & Reptile Team

Records - Pond animals survey

In a survey of 100 Herefordshire ponds, carried out by Anthea Brian & Beryl Harding between 1987 and 1991, it was found that ponds varied a lot in the numbers of plant species and animal types, with the majority of ponds having only limited numbers of each. Ponds with high numbers of plant species tended to have more animal types, showing the close dependence of animals on plants.

 

The list of animal types in the 100 ponds surveyed is given below. 

   
Animal name No of ponds
Hydra 5
Flatworms 18
Hairworms 1
Tubifex 10
other Annelid worms 11
Leeches 32
Water louse 13
Freshwater shrimp 29
Water flea Cladocera 61
Water flea Copepoda 48
Water flea Ostracoda 36
Water spring tail 4
Mayfly 36
Dragonfly (adult) 25
Dragonfly (nymph) 11
Damselfly (adult) 34
Damselfly (nymph) 15
Water measurer 2
Water cricket 3
Pond skater 24
Water scorpion 4
Saucer bug 2
Water-boatman 31
Lesser water-boatman 48
Alder fly 8
Water beetle, Dytiscus (adult) 8
Water beetle, Dytiscus (larva) 10
Water beetle Whirligigs 9
Water beetle other (adult) 43
Water beetle other (larva) 15
Caddis-fly 25
China mark moth 1
Flies Dixidae 9
Flies Chironomidae 32
Flies Chaoboridae 18
Flies Ceratopogonidae 7
Flies Culicidae 24
Flies Anophelidae 10
Flies Tipulidae 1
Freshwater limpet 3
Ram's-horn snail 19
Pond snails 35
Orb-shell cockles 9
Vertebrates living in/associated with water No of ponds
Minnow 1
Stickleback, 3 spined 6
Stone loach 1
Carp 1
Tench 1
Unidentified 16
Frog 17
Toad 5
Newt, smooth 22
Newt, palmate 1
Newt, great crested      (See distribution map) 6
Coot 6
Curlew 1
Duck, domestic 3
Geese, Canada & domestic 7
Heron 3
Kingfisher 2
Mallard 57
Moorhen 37
Snipe 1
Swan 2
Wagtail, pied 2
Water vole 2

Anthea Brian & Beryl Harding
Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club Vol XLVIII 1996 Part 3

 

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